Chapter 2

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Algorithm Analysis

Program Analysis

2.1. What value is returned by the following function? Express your answer as a function of . Give the worst-case running time using the Big Oh notation.
  mystery(n)
      r:=0
      for i:=1 to n-1 do
          for j:=i+1 to n do
              for k:=1 to j do
                  r:=r+1
       return(r)

Solution


2.2. What value is returned by the following function? Express your answer as a function of . Give the worst-case running time using Big Oh notation.
   pesky(n)
       r:=0
       for i:=1 to n do
           for j:=1 to i do
               for k:=j to i+j do
                   r:=r+1
       return(r)


2.3. What value is returned by the following function? Express your answer as a function of . Give the worst-case running time using Big Oh notation.
   prestiferous(n)
       r:=0
       for i:=1 to n do
           for j:=1 to i do
               for k:=j to i+j do
                   for l:=1 to i+j-k do
                       r:=r+1
       return(r) 

Solution


2.4. What value is returned by the following function? Express your answer as a function of . Give the worst-case running time using Big Oh notation.
  conundrum()
      
      for  to  do
      for  to  do
      for  to  do
      
       return()


2.5
2.6. Suppose the following algorithm is used to evaluate the polynomial
   
   
   for  to  do
   
   
   end
  1. How many multiplications are done in the worst-case? How many additions?
  2. How many multiplications are done on the average?
  3. Can you improve this algorithm?


2.7. Prove that the following algorithm for computing the maximum value in an array is correct.
  max(A)
     
     for  to n do
           if  then 
     return (m)

Solution

Big Oh

2.8. #Is ?
  1. Is ?


2.9. For each of the following pairs of functions, either is in , is in , or . Determine which relationship is correct and briefly explain why.
  1. ; +
  2. ;
  3. ;
  4. ;
  5. ;
  6. ;
  7. ;
  8. ;

Solution


2.10. For each of the following pairs of functions and , determine whether , , or both.
  1. ,
  2. ,
  3. ,
  4. ,
  5. ,
  6. ,


2.11
2.12
2.13
2.14
2.15
2.16
2.17
2.18
2.19
2.20
2.21
2.22
2.23
2.24
2.25
2.26
2.27
2.28
2.29
2.30
2.31
2.32
2.33
2.34
2.35
2.36

Summations

2.37
2.38
2.39
2.40
2.41
2.42
2.43

Logartihms

2.44
2.45
2.46
2.47

Interview Problems

2.48
2.49
2.50
2.51
2.52
2.53
2.54
2.55


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