Stony Brook Algorithm Repository



Input Description: A plaintext message \(T\) or encrypted text \(E\), and a key \(k\).
Problem: Encode \(T\) using \(k\) giving \(E\), or decode \(E\) using \(k\) back to \(T\).

Excerpt from The Algorithm Design Manual: Cryptography has grown substantially in importance in recent years, as computer networks have made confidential documents more vulnerable to prying eyes. Cryptography is a way to increase security by making messages difficult to read if they fall into the wrong hands. Although the discipline of cryptography is at least two thousand years old, its algorithmic and mathematical foundations have recently solidified to the point where there can now be talk of provably secure cryptosystems.

The key issue in selecting a cryptosystem is identifying your paranoia level, i.e. deciding how much security you need. Who are you trying to stop from reading your stuff: your grandmother, local thieves, the Mafia, or the NSA? If you can use an accepted implementation of RSA, such as PGP discussed below, you should feel safe against just about anybody.


bitcoin (rating 10)
Nettle (rating 10)
openssl (rating 9)
Crypto++ (rating 9)
libsodium (rating 8)
GnuPG (rating 8)
OpenSSL (rating 8)
cryptography (rating 7)
C++ Boost Library (rating 7)
Netlib (rating 3)

Recommended Books

Practical Algorithms for Programmers by A. Binstock and J. Rex Protect your Privacy: a guide for PGP Users by W. Stallings Applied Cryptography : Protocols, Algorithms, and Source Code in C by Bruce Schneier
Differential Cryptanalysis of the Data Encryption Standard by E. Biham and A. Shamir Compared to What? by G. Rawlins Introduction to Algorithms by T. Cormen and C. Leiserson and R. Rivest and C. Stein
Cryptography and Data Security by D. Denning The Code breakers: the story of secret writing by D. Kahn

Related Problems

Factoring and Primality Testing

Arbitrary-Precision Arithmetic

Text Compression

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